A bag with small bubbles of fat can relieve back pain.
A one-off shot is injected into the spinal joints. It contains a fluid called ExoFlo, which is made up of billions of tiny cells called exosomes — each one a fraction of the width of a human hair. These healing cells, which are found in the bone marrow, are surrounded by a layer of fat.
Exosomes, which were only discovered in the 1980s, are thought to play an important role in cell repair by reducing inflammation.
They are also full of growth factors, which are important for repairing and regenerating damaged cells throughout the body, and contain genetic material that can improve the way different cells perform.
A one-off shot is injected into the spinal joints. It contains a fluid called ExoFlo, which is made up of billions of tiny cells called exosomes – each one a fraction of the width of a human hair.
As well as back pain, these cells are being tested for use in a variety of conditions – from tennis elbow to Crohn’s – after scientists at a US firm, Direct Biologics, perfected a way to mass-produce them using adolescent bone marrow. , a healthy donor.
Once the company makes ExoFlo fluid, it is frozen until needed.
In a study published in the International Journal of Science and Research Archives, some patients given Fat Bubble Jab experienced an 80 percent reduction in back pain within a month of the injection.
Degenerative disc disease, where the discs that cushion the bones of the spine deteriorate over time, is one of the most common causes of back and neck pain. It is estimated that about 40 percent of adults age 40 and older have at least one degenerated disc. By age 80, this number rises to 80 percent.
The main symptom is low-grade chronic pain with intermittent bouts of more severe pain, often when nerves are entrapped or pinched.
Treatment includes painkillers, physiotherapy and surgery to replace the disc. With the new exosome treatment, doctors take a small amount of liquid containing the exosome bubbles – around a tenth of a teaspoon – and inject it into the damaged joint of the spine.
The fluid is thought to promote healing by reducing inflammation and promoting the growth of healthy cells to restore the joint’s cushioning capacity.
Doctors at Hudson Medical Center in New York injected ten patients with ExoFlo fluid who had failed to improve despite other treatments (including painkilling spinal jabs) and monitored their progress over the next month. The results showed an average reduction in back pain scores of 55 percent, but in some volunteers it was up to 80 percent.
Jab also helped patients with bedsores measuring 100 cm square (15.5 square meters) who did not respond to surgery. ExoFlo was injected into the wound and healed within eight weeks, according to Journal of Surgical Case Reports.
Mike McNicholas, a consultant orthopedic surgeon at Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Trust, believes exosomes ‘have huge potential’ and ‘their use to resolve giant bedsores is proof of that’. He hopes the new trial will ‘confirm that possibility and open a new era in the treatment of back pain and sciatica’.
Red wine pills can save lives from premature menopause
A compound found in red wine may be a new treatment for early menopause.
Resveratrol, which is naturally found in grape skins, has been recommended to 150 women in a clinical trial at Nantong University Hospital in China.
All women have premature ovarian failure—due to early menopause—which occurs when the ovaries stop working properly before the age of 40.
A daily 250mg dose of the wine compound for three months is expected to increase levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, important for egg production.
A compound found in red wine may be a new treatment for early menopause. Resveratrol, naturally found in the skin of grapes, has been recommended to 150 women in a clinical trial conducted at Nantong University Hospital in China.
Honey can treat depression – that’s the theory behind a trial conducted at the University of Science in Malaysia. It is using meliponin honey from stingless bees found in tropical countries to treat patients who do not respond to antidepressants.
Honey is rich in phenylalanine, an amino acid needed to produce the feel-good brain chemicals serotonin and dopamine, reports the journal Molecules.
A ‘sticky tape’ solution to chronic snoring
According to researchers in the UK and Taiwan, snorers usually sleep with their mouths open, but taping them can eliminate the problem.
They used medical-grade tape to seal the mouths of 20 snorers at night, forcing them to breathe through their noses while they slept.
The results, published in the journal Healthcare, showed that snoring-related sleep disturbances were cut in half in 13 group members.
However, this remedy is not suitable for those with persistent nasal congestion despite medication and should not be used at home.
The story behind unusual medical discoveries. This week: Covid may be spreading as we speak
Beaming lasers into a dark room helped scientists confirm that COVID-19 can spread through matter — even among asymptomatic people, the Journal of the National Academy of Sciences reported in 2020.
Coughing and sneezing ‘generate large amounts of respiratory droplets’, says Dr Adrian Bax, a nuclear physicist at the US National Institutes of Health, ‘but that doesn’t happen if you don’t have symptoms. So we theorized that there was asymptomatic transmission through speech.’
To test this, they used a bright laser in a dark room to see droplets emitted when someone spoke. The number of droplets emitted was greater than expected, and as they dried they remained in the air – where they could be inhaled by others.
Moderately reduce your calorie intake. A recent animal study suggests it may improve health and lifespan, and these benefits may extend to humans, reports the Journal of Immunity. The Yale researchers also tracked the effects in participants who reduced their calorie intake by 14 percent for two years, or ate normally. Those who consumed fewer calories had reduced levels of SPARC, a protein linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Tattoos are used for medical purposes. This week: To monitor your heart rate
Tracking changes in heart rate can provide important clues to the development of cardiac conditions such as atrial fibrillation (abnormal heartbeat).
This usually involves doctors taking an electrocardiogram (ECG), where electrodes are stuck to the chest to measure the heart’s electrical signals. An abnormal heartbeat, however, can come and go, so it often goes undetected on an ECG.
Now South Korean scientists have developed an electronic tattoo ink made of liquid metal and carbon nanotubes that can monitor those electrical signals through the skin around the clock, potentially picking up undetected problems.
In the future, scientists hope to attach a wireless chip to the tattoo so it can send data to a doctor’s computer.
Gout medications absorbed through the skin can reduce side effects
A patch for gout can reduce the side effects of drug treatment, such as diarrhea, nausea, and stomach pain.
Gout, a form of arthritis, is caused by a build-up of uric acid, and often affects the big toe joints. This results in inflammation and often severe pain.
One of the most effective treatments is colchicine, an anti-inflammatory. But some patients struggle to tolerate its side effects. Hopefully a patch developed at Queen’s University Belfast can combat this.
It contains the same drug but instead of going through the gut like an oral drug, it goes into the skin and into the affected joint, reports Biomaterials Science.
alcohol According to a study involving 67 patients at the University Hospital Opole in Poland, can help treat disc-related back pain.
Injecting ethanol gel into degenerated discs reduced pain scores by 66 percent. After 6 months, 81 percent of sciatica patients and 74 percent of back pain patients were not taking painkillers.
One theory is that alcohol dehydrates the disc, shrinking it and reducing pressure on the nerves.
Many patients benefit from diabetes treatment
Transplantation of islet cells – insulin-making cells from the pancreas – can cure type 1 diabetes.
But their use is currently limited because it takes three donors to provide enough cells for just one transplant. Cells can only be stored for two or three days before spoiling.
Now a new way of storing islet cells from donors means more patients can benefit from the treatment.
A new freezing technique described in the journal Nature means cells can be kept for at least nine months before being used.
A research team at the University of Minnesota in the US has successfully transplanted defrosted islet cells into diabetic mice.
Source: | This article is originally from Dailymail.co.uk