Modularization, not customization, is how Scania builds its BEV trucks, which perform tasks ranging from mining haulage and haulage, waste management and food delivery. Using a series of modular components, the company can build trucks for different functions, taking cabs, powertrains, bodies, chassis and wheel configurations from the “trash bin” that now houses lithium batteries.
Modular assembly is one of the main strengths of the company, which can have components purpose-built by other suppliers based on customers’ design requirements if necessary.
In this story, CleanTechnica Since the company made the definitive decision to electrify its line-up in 2019 and started implementing it in 2020, it contacted Scania to learn about the variations of its BEV trucks.
Last year, the company created a fully electrified 64-ton refrigerated food truck for Swedish food brand Dagab under Axfood. Dagab already uses hybrid vehicles in Stockholm and by adding this giant refrigerated transporter for use in the Gothenburg area, it proves how Scania can deliver smart technology for refrigerated and frozen electrified food transport.
Since charging infrastructure is an important component for heavy vehicles, Scania and Dagab have created stations that charge vehicles with green electricity. This truck aims to work at least two shifts a day more than the company’s other non-electric vehicles, leading to a significant reduction in climate and environmental impact, driving around 300-450 km per day. With the third displacement, the impact on the climate will be even less.
Heavy electric transport and transport of refrigerated food is challenging when it comes to technology, as it requires a suitable interface between electrical outlets for temperature regulation and intelligent integration to minimize energy consumption for both truck and trailer. For this reason, the vehicle has more powerful components than Scania’s current mass-produced electric vehicles to be able to perform demanding operations.
“Transportation of folate-free food is necessary to reduce the impact of our vehicles on the climate. Now when we use an electric truck of this size, we are making a real difference and reducing our emissions. This is another step towards completely fossil-free transport and zero-emission operations by 2030 at the latest,” said Dagab’s Transport Manager Helena Blom, announcing plans to launch the electric truck in the summer of 2022. Important European truck exhibition in Elmia until the end of August.
Scania’s modular assembly systems also created the electric Heavy Tipper truck, which began operations earlier this year and will be in operation for five months in August this year. A dump truck works together with an electric crane at the LKAB mine in Malmberget, northern Sweden.
These vehicles were created in close coordination with customers, and the development gives Scania the chance to test and operate fully electric trucks in a demanding underground mine environment.
“Electric trucks are part of an ambition to set a new standard for fossil-free, sustainable mining all the way. As we transition our fleet away from gas-diesel and test the capacity of battery electric vehicles, truck selection decisions must contribute not only to higher productivity, but above all to a more sustainable mine. and a safer work environment,” LKAB project manager Peter Gustavsson said in a press release.
The heavy dumper has a total weight of 49 tons including cargo and will carry residual products. The second truck is equipped with a crane designed to transport drill steel to underground drilling rigs. The electric crane truck will be charged at the depot, but mobile charging will also be possible on site to increase flexibility.
The second project in the same sector involves cooperation with the mining company Boliden. A 74-ton electrified heavy-duty truck was delivered to the company in early spring 2022. The electric truck is part of the company’s goal to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030. The truck tested full power. used at the beginning of this quarter.
The technical solutions for the electrified truck are based on Scania’s current series production technology from the modular “trash”, but with additional powerful components depending on the nature of the work the truck has to perform.
Delivery of Goods
Scania is already building a total of 110 BEV trucks for Swedish truck technology company Einride, which already has one of Europe’s largest heavy-duty electric fleets. As a leading provider of digital, electric and autonomous shipping solutions, Einride plans to further expand its market presence with this collaboration.
The trucks are built to Einride’s specifications and equipped with the first operating system called Saga. Fleet data generated through the Saga platform will be provided to Scania for continuous product collaborative development between the teams. This ensures efficient and optimized future development of electric trucks.
“We look forward to the launch of this important partnership as we expand in Europe. These 110 trucks will make a significant contribution to growing our fleet, while we continue to join forces with established industry players such as Scania for innovation and product development in the global transport industry,” explained Ellen Kugelberg, Chief Product Officer at Einride.
Einride’s order is Scania’s largest electric heavy-duty truck deal in Europe to date. It is also just the beginning of a new long-term partnership that will contribute to both companies’ ambitions to expand electric freight.
As of this writing, Scania is completing the delivery of 78 fully electric L-series trucks to the Amager Resource Center (ARC) for urban waste processing in the Copenhagen area. The first two trucks have already been delivered in December 2021, and the rest of the fleet will be delivered during 2022 and the first half of 2023. Once this order is completed, the company may request an additional 23 trucks.
Low-entry L-series cabs equipped with Scania City Door improve working conditions for drivers and crews with optimized ergonomics and driver comfort for urban transport operations with frequent stops.
“It was important for us that the trucks have a high level of safety and new innovative safety solutions. Scania also offered comprehensive training and education, including stand-by service, along with a strong service network that ensured high uptime,” explained Jacob Hartvig Simonsen, managing director of ARC.
Decarbonising waste management and recycling is an important part of Copenhagen’s ambitious goal to become the world’s first carbon neutral capital by 2025. ARC’s famous Amager Bakke waste-to-energy plant, with its rooftop ski slope and recreation area, is a symbol of the city’s sustainability. has ambitions and ARC aims to be the world’s first carbon-neutral waste-to-energy plant.
Taking responsibility on the road
In June 2020, the first electric road test track equipped with catenary overhead lines started operating in Germany. Two years later, the track along the A5 highway near Frankfurt is being extended another 7 kilometers and its construction is expected to be completed. by the end of this year.
Scania initially ran three EV trucks equipped with pantographs. By January 2021, five trucks were using the five-kilometer electric road. Seven more trucks have been added so far this year.
Under trials, Scania is involved in vehicle maintenance and data collection from test vehicles, although actual deliveries are made. The first four catenary trucks are operated by Schanz, Meyer Logistics, Contargo and Merck. The last of the five trucks was delivered to German building materials supplier Knauf last year. All five trucks in daily traffic along the five kilometer electrified segment of the A5 motorway will collect data for a series of studies to investigate the benefits of electronic roads.
“This pilot project is in line with our commitment to use all resources responsibly. We hope this will give us insights that can help us make our logistics processes more sustainable, especially in big cities,” said Knauf Group Manager Christoph Dorn.
The electrification system used on these roads, developed by Siemens, allows trucks with the necessary roof-mounted pantograph to travel on full electric power at speeds of up to 90 km/h, and after leaving the electrified section, turns back into the truck’s internal combustion engine. , ideally equipped with biodiesel for greater CO2 reduction.
“If the feedback is positive and about a third of the German highway network is equipped with electrified catenary lines, in the future about 80 percent of the heavy trucks registered in Germany will be able to operate in electric mode using this technology. This will make a really significant contribution to reducing carbon emissions,” explains Heinrich Kerstgens, Managing Director of Contargo.
New Test Track R&D
Scania has also invested heavily in the new Södertälje test track for electric vehicles (EV) and self-driving cars. This site is also where the company has established its new headquarters. This test facility is where the company will develop and test future BEV trucks.
“We continue to work with customers who want to try innovative solutions with us. For Scania, it is very valuable to be able to test electric vehicles in real customer operations towards sustainable transport solutions in all applications in extreme environments,” said Fredrik Allard, Head of Scania’s E-mobility department.
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