There are creams, ointments or gels for everything – from insect bites, eczema and skin infections that start with sweating in the summer, to perennial complaints like mouth ulcers and conjunctivitis.
The beauty of them is that they work quickly where they are needed, ‘and since they don’t reach the digestive system and liver – like oral tablets and fluids – it causes fewer side effects’, explains Dr. Fahim Lathif. Consultant Dermatologist at Leeds NHS Hospital Trust.
But with the diversity and prices on offer, how do you know what to choose?
We asked experts in the best value over-the-counter treatments for common skin complaints for their recommendations.
Eczema / dry skin
Expert choices (for the body): Hydromol ointment, 125 g, £ 6.50, boots.com
‘Many people with eczema struggle to find enough oscillations to help their skin itch and ache,’ says Dr. Most over-the-counter treatments aren’t designed to deal with these conditions, Lathiff says.
‘Dermatologists recommend ointments instead [which have a Vaseline-like consistency] This is because creams contain water and need preservatives to prevent the water from “coming out”, but these added supplements can sometimes irritate the skin.
‘On the other hand, ointments are oil based and do not contain water so these preservatives are not needed, but are much smoother and more suitable to use on hands, feet and torso than on the face.
‘Hydromol ointment has good value and is effective against many dry skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis.’
Expert Choice (for face): CeraVe Moisturizing Cream, 454g, 12.80, boots.com
‘In a recent study [sponsored by the maker]It proved to be highly effective in increasing skin hydration for at least 24 hours after a single application.
‘It has three ceramides [fat molecules that form a key part of the skin barrier], And Multi-Vesicular Emulsion, uses a slow-release technology developed by the manufacturer that slowly releases moisturizing ingredients at once in 24 hours, not at once like traditional creams. It is also odorless, so it is less likely to irritate sensitive skin, and is non-comedogenic. [won’t clog pores]. ‘
Expert Choice: Numark chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment, 4g, £ 3, doorsteppharmacy.com
Hampshire pharmacist Sultan Dajani says, ‘Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that kills the bacteria responsible for eye infections like conjunctivitis.
‘Use the ointment version instead of the eye drops as the drops can be diluted with watery eyes, making them less effective. The ointment is not thin in the same way, but it will blur your vision for a short time.
‘It is also good for cleaning styles and it does not need to be stored in the fridge as the active substance remains stable at room temperature at eye drops.
‘Opt for the pharmacy’s own brand – like Numark – instead of the branded version, as it is the same but costs £ 3 compared to re 5.99 for Optrex Infected Eye Ointment for example.
‘Use three to four times a day, as your symptoms subside. You can buy it over the counter for adults and children two years or older but children under two need a prescription. ‘
Numark chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment
Expert Choice: Acnecide 5% gel benzoyl peroxide, 30g, 6.59, chemist-4-u.com
‘The best over-the-counter products for mild acne are those that contain 5 percent benzoyl peroxide, such as Acne,’ says Dr. Lathiff. ‘Benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria that contribute to acne; It also removes excess oil and dead cells from the pores closed by bacteria.
‘And if you are taking certain antibiotics for acne (such as limecycline, recommended for moderate to severe acne) using a gel that contains benzoyl peroxide in addition to these medications, it means you are less likely to have antibiotic resistance.’
Acnecide 5% gel benzoyl peroxide
Expert choices: Ibuleve pain relief 5% gel50g, 6.50, boots.com
Tim Allardyce, a physiotherapist at Surrey Physio, says: ‘I often recommend this gel to patients.
‘It contains 5 percent ibuprofen – an anti-inflammatory. Ibuprofen tablets are not suitable for everyone – especially those with stomach ulcers [it irritates the stomach lining] Or breath [it can worsen symptoms]. And even though you get a slightly lower dose of gel, as it should penetrate the skin, at least you can rub it where you need it and not have to digest it.
‘There’s also a maximum power 10 per cent version but start with less power. You may not need a higher dose, although there is no possibility of side effects with any strength gel. ‘
Ibuleve pain relief 5% gel
Virasoothe chicken pox relief cooling gel
Chicken pox / skin itching
Expert Choices: Virasoothe Chicken Pox Relief Cooling Gel, 75g, £ 9.50, boots.com
Sultan Dajani says, ‘It is much better than the known calamine lotion for the treatment of chicken pox.
‘Calamine lotion causes dryness, itching and ash on the skin which can cause blemishes. It also leaves dirty, greasy residue and needs to be reapplied several times a day.
‘But Virasoothe is very soothing because it contains glycerin, carbomer and sodium hydroxide – ingredients that trap moisture on the skin surface.
‘This soothing effect means less scratching [and potential scarring]. And the effect lasts for eight hours. ‘
Expert choices: Flexitol Hill Balm, 112g, 9.49, superdrug.com
Flexitol heel balm
“If left untreated, cracked heels can go deep into the fissure and become a place for micro-organisms to enter the body,” says Dr. Lathif.
‘If left untreated, it can lead to skin infections such as cellulitis [a bacterial infection in the deeper layers of the skin]Athlete’s foot due to fungus, and warts due to virus.
‘Because the immune system is weak, there is no blood circulation in the legs and the risk of infection is higher in case of diabetes.
‘Lack of moisture in the skin around the skin is the most common cause of heel cracks, using an effective moisturizer twice a day can help a lot.
“Flexitol Hill balm contains 25 percent urea, which attracts moisture from the air and closes the skin.”
Expert Choice: Igloo Rapid Relief Gel Oral Ulcer Treatment, 8g, 6.29, boots.com
James Gulnick, a dentist at Bo Lane Dental Group in London, says:
‘They can be seen on the cheeks, on the lips, on the tongue and in the gums, and rarely on the roof of the mouth. Sometimes they form painful clusters.
Igloo gel contains the anesthetic, lidocaine hydrochloride, which heals the area when the ulcer heals, as well as the aminoacridine hydrochloride, a disinfectant that kills the bacteria responsible for it, and paraffin wax, which prevents food and bacteria from entering.
‘Try to avoid eating by using gel. It lasts for about an hour and can be reapplied as needed. Igloos can be bought over the counter for anyone over the age of seven, but consult a doctor or dentist for ulcers that do not heal within ten days. ‘
Igloo quick relief gel mouth ulcer treatment
Stings and bites
Expert Choices: Antison Cream, 25g, £ 4.49, boots.com
Sultan Dajani says, ‘If you get a localized sting or allergic reaction to the bite, the best remedy is to rub an antihistamine cream, such as antiseptic, on the affected area.
‘It works instantly and it contains antihistamines, called mepiramine malate. Histamine is a chemical produced by the body and is stored in cells called mast cells in almost all tissues of the body. When the body reacts to a foreign substance, such as stings, mast cells break down, releasing their histamine stores – causing symptoms of allergic reactions such as skin inflammation, redness and itching.
‘Mapiramine stabilizes mast cells, preventing them from breaking down. Since antihistamine tablets take two or three days to be effective, they may not be very helpful if you are just shocked. ‘
Expert Choices: Clotrimazole 1% Cream, 20g, 1.99, chemist-4-u.com
Sultan Dajani says, ‘It is effective in treating fungal skin infections including athlete’s foot, fungal nappy rash and hip, armpit or skin folds.
An active ingredient called clotrimazole kills fungal infections and reduces itching. Use after five days to prevent the remaining spores from germinating.
‘Save money by buying your own brand from a pharmacy like this instead of a famous name like Canisten, which costs around £ 3.49.’
Clotrimazole 1% cream
Improving patient care through long distance monitoring. This Week: Mental Health Patients
A new credit card-sized device has been developed to remotely monitor mental health patients for heart attack problems caused by anti-psychotic drugs.
Developed by AliveCor KardiaMobile, the device is a portable electrocardiogram (ECG) – it allows healthcare professionals to take accurate readings of a patient’s heart rate without having to travel to the hospital. Assessment, which can be done in their home, is less intrusive and saves time.
The results are sent to the clinical team via Bluetooth to a mobile phone or tablet – readings can then be analyzed to decide whether the patient needs to change treatment. The device is currently being used in Yorkshire and the Northeast, reducing heart check delays.
Source: | This article is originally from Dailymail.co.uk